When the liver becomes scarred and degenerates it is called?

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2. When the liver becomes scarred and degenerates, it is called. a. cirrhosis.

Which papillae is important in Licking?

Based on their function the lingual papillae are grouped into mechanical papillae (filiform, conical and lenticular) which are cornified and aid in licking while, protecting the deeper structures from injury and gustatory papillae which have taste bud (Konig and Leibich, 2004).

Which of the following organs is lined with microvilli to enhance absorption?

The inner wall of the small intestine is covered by numerous folds of mucous membrane called plicae circulares. The surface of these folds contains tiny projections called villi and microvilli, which further increase the total area for absorption.

Where is water absorbed into the bloodstream?

The walls of the small intestine absorb water and the digested nutrients into your bloodstream.

23 related questions found

Which organ is responsible for production of bile?

Bile is a fluid that is made and released by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Bile helps with digestion. It breaks down fats into fatty acids, which can be taken into the body by the digestive tract.

What is the elimination from the body of indigestible substances?

Elimination. The food molecules that cannot be digested or absorbed need to be eliminated from the body. The removal of indigestible wastes through the anus, in the form of feces, is defecation or elimination.

What is a human's organ of Prehension?

Prehension is the process of siezing or grasping or otherwise getting food into the mouth.

Is the term that means swallowing?

Swallowing, also called Deglutition, the act of passing food from the mouth, by way of the pharynx (or throat) and esophagus, to the stomach.

What is inflammation of the liver called?

Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It's commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol.

Is a progressive degenerative disease of the liver characterized by scarring?

Cirrhosis, also known as liver cirrhosis or hepatic cirrhosis, and end-stage liver disease, is the impaired liver function caused by the formation of scar tissue known as fibrosis, due to damage caused by liver disease.

Is cirrhosis a chronic liver disease?

This stops the liver from working normally. Cirrhosis is a long-term (chronic) liver disease. The most common causes are hepatitis and other viruses, and alcohol abuse.

Is ingestion a medical term for swallowing?

Ingestion is the act of taking something (food, medicine, liquid, poison etc.) into the body through the mouth. Synonyms include "swallowing", "taking internally", and "eating".

Is swallowing an involuntary action?

The act of swallowing has voluntary and involuntary components. The preparatory/oral phase is voluntary, whereas the pharyngeal and esophageal phases are mediated by an involuntary reflex called the swallowing reflex.

Is formal name for swallowing?

Called also deglutition. The Three Stages of Swallowing. In the first, voluntary, stage of swallowing, the cheeks are sucked in slightly and the tongue is arched against the hard palate, so that the bolus, or ball of chewed food, is moved to the pharynx.

Do cows have prehensile tongues?

Prehensile Tongue

Some have both. Cattle have neither. ... Cattle use their gigantic, muscular tongues to grab food by wrapping around it and pulling it into their mouths. They grind it against their dental plates with their lower teeth and control the amount of saliva they add based on consistency, texture and moisture.

What is the organ of Prehension in the cow?

Prehension, or the taking up of food, is accomplished inmost animals by means of the lips, teeth, and tongue. In the horse, prehension is performed by the strong and flexible upper lip and incisor teeth (fig. 1).

What is the prehensile organ of chicken?

The beak is the prehensile organ by which food is taken into the mouth. The food is retained in the mouth only a short time. Salivary glands are present in the chicken but contain only mucous cells.

Are liquid wastes stored in the colon?

Liquid wastes are removed through the body in the form of urine, which contains mostly water and salts. Your body's solid wastes are called feces, which are stored in the colon until that organ becomes full.

How food is absorbed into the bloodstream?

As food passes through the GI tract, it mixes with digestive juices, causing large molecules of food to break down into smaller molecules. The body then absorbs these smaller molecules through the walls of the small intestine into the bloodstream, which delivers them to the rest of the body.

What is undigested material called?

The undigested food is called faeces. It enters the caecum (large intestine) from the ileum and is then temporarily stored in the rectum before egestion through the anus.

What stimulates bile production in the liver?

Bile secretion is stimulated by secretin, and the bile is secreted into the gallbladder where it is concentrated and stored under fasting conditions. Concentration of bile within the gallbladder is stimulated principally by cholecystokinin, with absorption of up to 90% of the water occurring within a 4-hour period.

What are the common signs and symptoms of biliary disease?

Pancreatic and biliary symptoms can include, but are not limited to:
  • Abdominal swelling.
  • Dark-colored urine.
  • Diarrhea, especially with fat droplets in the stools.
  • Gas, hiccups and belching.
  • Itchy skin.
  • Jaundice—a yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes.
  • Loss of appetite or unexplained weight loss.
  • Nausea.

Which juice is secreted by liver?

Bile, a digestive juice produced by the liver, helps the body absorb fat into the bloodstream. You'll find this thick, yellow-green substance in the gallbladder, where it's stored until the body needs some to digest fats.

What's the medical term for difficulty swallowing?

Dysphagia is the medical term for swallowing difficulties.

Some people with dysphagia have problems swallowing certain foods or liquids, while others can't swallow at all. Other signs of dysphagia include: coughing or choking when eating or drinking. bringing food back up, sometimes through the nose.