Whats the definition of modernization?

Asked by: Valentine Bruen
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modernization, in sociology, the transformation from a traditional, rural, agrarian society to a secular, urban, industrial society. ... It is by undergoing the comprehensive transformation of industrialization that societies become modern. Modernization is a continuous and open-ended process.

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Accordingly, How would you define modernization?

Modernization refers to the multiple pathways (not only western) by which societies achieve a state of continuous self-transformation through the application of technical and intellectual means while Modernity, a singular concept, indicates the primacy of reason and universalistic criteria of judgment (2013: 413 ff.).

Simply so, What is modernization simple words?. Modernization is the process of updating something or making it work in a contemporary setting. The modernization of an office might include new computers, high-speed internet, and a fancy espresso machine.

Subsequently, question is, What is an example of modernization?

For example, a rocket car that goes faster than any other car on the planet but is incredibly dangerous, loud and harmful to the environment wouldn't be viewed as more modern simply because it's faster.

What is it called to modernize something?

1 renovate, refurbish, update.

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Who gave the concept of modernization?

Modernization theory originated from the ideas of German sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920), which provided the basis for the modernization paradigm developed by Harvard sociologist Talcott Parsons (1902–1979).

What does the word secularize mean?

transitive verb. 1 : to make secular. 2 : to transfer from ecclesiastical to civil or lay use, possession, or control. 3 : to convert to or imbue with secularism.

What are the causes of modernization?

3 Major Factors which Promotes Modernization
  • 1. Development of Science and Technology: There cannot be two opinions in this respect that the development of science and technology play a major role m the process of modernisation. ...
  • 2. Development of Industrial Civilisation: ...
  • Successful Working of Democratic Institutions:

What is the role of modernization?

Modernization affects the socio-cultural issues of the society; which change the present condition of human society. As a result people adopt new traits, trends and technologies, which are given according the global perspective.

Is modernization good or bad?

The definition of modernization: (1) the process that increases the amount of specialization and differentiation of structure in societies, (2) the process of social change begun by industrialization. Modernization is good in that it increases rates of production but bad in that it harms the environment.

What are the five stages of modernization theory?

There are five stages in Rostow's Stages of Development: traditional society, preconditions to takeoff, takeoff, drive to maturity, and age of high mas consumption. In the 1960s, American economist called W.W. Rostow developed this theory.

What is the best definition of modernization?

modernization, in sociology, the transformation from a traditional, rural, agrarian society to a secular, urban, industrial society. ... It is by undergoing the comprehensive transformation of industrialization that societies become modern. Modernization is a continuous and open-ended process.

What are the key points of the modernization theory?

Although there are many versions of modernization theory, major implicit or explicit tenets are that (1) societies develop through a series of evolutionary stages; (2) these stages are based on different degrees and patterns of social differentiation and reintegration of structural and cultural components that are ...

What words come into your mind when you hear the word modernization?

Modern, new and fresh. Modern, something exciting, something with pazaz. Modern, futuristic, something that is beyond the time that is in.

What are the weaknesses of modernization theory?

Perhaps the most crippling weakness of the modernization theory is its oversimplified view of social change (Coetzee et al., 2007: 101). Human nature has a propensity to resist change in favour of the status quo. Change is resisted because it brings in elements of uncertainty.

How does modernization affect culture?

Modernization affects culture also such as modernism, post-modernism, secularization, rationalism, etc. There is interaction between culture and cultural modernization. ... Cultural modernization affects culture in some way such as cultural changes, urban and network culture, secularization, rationalism, education, etc.

What are the two causes of modernization?

There are at least two major and related causes of modernization. One is the growth in science that came along (in Europe) with the Enlightenment. The other is the growth in available technology. When a country is pre-modern, its people generally do not believe in science.

How do modernization affect family life?

Industrialization radically disrupts this more or less autonomous family economy. It takes away the economic function of the family, and reduces it to a unit of consumption and socialization. Production moves away from the household to the factory.

What is the effect of modernization on education?

The modernization helped us see and dream for better living, better house, better life style and it directly directed towards education. Better and higher education is normally considered to be the base to fulfil the dreams through a better job and hence better earning.

What is meant by fanaticism?

: fanatic outlook or behavior especially as exhibited by excessive enthusiasm, unreasoning zeal, or wild and extravagant notions on some subject.

What means fundamentalist?

The word fundamentalist is used most often to talk about religion. As an adjective, it describes a very strict, literal interpretation of a religious text or set of beliefs, and the noun means a person who holds those firm, often extreme, beliefs.

Is the best synonym for secular?

synonyms for secular
  • temporal.
  • earthly.
  • laic.
  • nonreligious.
  • laical.
  • nonclerical.
  • of this world.
  • unsacred.

What are the four stages of modernization?

Using these ideas, Rostow penned his classic Stages of Economic Growth in 1960, which presented five steps through which all countries must pass to become developed: 1) traditional society, 2) preconditions to take-off, 3) take-off, 4) drive to maturity and 5) age of high mass consumption.

How is modernization ethnocentric?

Modernization Theory

Critics point out the inherent ethnocentric bias of this theory. It supposes all countries have the same resources and are capable of following the same path. ... Cultural equality, history, community, and local traditions are all at risk as modernization pushes into peripheral countries.

How many theories of modernization are there?

The main objective of this document is to synthesize the main aspects of the four major theories of development: modernization, dependency, world- systems and globalization. These are the principal theoretical explanations to interpret development efforts carried out especially in the developing countries.