What is terra firma-forme dermatosis?

Asked by: Emanuel Robel
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Terra firma-forme dermatosis (TFFD) is a benign condition that presents with asymptomatic brown to black plaques and resembles dirty skin. It is especially observed in the face, neck, and trunk in young patients. The plaques can be localized or generalized.

Is Terra Firma-forme dermatosis rare?

It is a rare type of keratinization disorder characterized by an asymptomatic brownish gray or black dirt-like patch that cannot be removed with soap and water and cleansers, but needs wiping with isopropyl alcohol or ethyl alcohol.

What causes Duncan's dirty dermatosis?

The etiology of terra firma-forme dermatosis is unclear [1–5,11]. Many believe this condition is caused by delayed keratinocyte maturation, which leads to the retention of keratinocytes and melanin within the epidermis [3,4,6,8,10].

How common is TFFD?

Terra-firma-forme dermatosis (TFFD) is a little known hyperpigmented skin disease that is more common than expected. We examined retrospectively the medical records of 79 patients: 88.6% were children, the mean age was 10.4 years (SD = 7.5 years), and 64.6% were female.

32 related questions found

What does a dirty looking neck mean?

WHAT IS IT? Commonly called “dirty neck,” this condition is known in medical terms as acanthosis nigricans (AAY-can-THO-sis NIG- ruh-cans) or A.N. INSULIN RESISTANCE: The exact cause of A.N. is unknown, but it has been linked to. overweight/obesity and insulin resistance.

How do you clean TFFD?

TFFD is treatable and completely resolved by gentle rubbing with a 70% isopropyl alcohol swab [12].

How do you get rid of Duncan's dirty dermatosis?

Terra firma-forme dermatosis (TFFD), sometimes referred to as Duncan's dirty dermatosis, is a condition characterized by asymptomatic, hyperpigmented, dirtlike plaques that are resistant to regular washing with soap and water but easily rub off with 70% isopropyl alcohol.

Does rubbing alcohol help with hyperpigmentation?

1). Areas of dark-brown hyperpigmentation could be completely rubbed off with isopropyl alcohol (Fig. 2).

What is alcohol pad used for?

Isopropyl alcohol topical (for use on skin) is used to help prevent bacterial skin infections from minor cuts or scrapes. Isopropyl alcohol is used in healthcare settings to prevent infection that may be caused by needle punctures. Isopropyl alcohol is also used as a topical rub to help relieve minor muscle pain.

Is alcohol bad to clean your face?

While it may seem similar to some over-the-counter skin products, dermatologists recommend against using rubbing alcohol for acne, as it could prove to be too harsh for facial skin and ultimately cause more harm than good.

Is there any rubbing alcohol available?

This antiseptic formula works to clean and sanitize and is suitable for a variety of uses. The 91% solution isopropyl alcohol can be used on minor cuts, scrapes and burns. It also works to clean and protect the skin from infection when used immediately after injury.

What causes terra firma?

Terra firma-forme dermatosis is thought to be a disorder of keratinisation caused by abnormal and delayed development of skin cells. Adhesion between keratinocytes is prolonged, with retention of melanin, sebum, and microorganisms, causing the formation brown patches and thickened plaques [3].

Can acanthosis nigricans go away?

What Causes Acanthosis Nigricans? People who are overweight or obese are more likely to develop acanthosis nigricans, which often lessens or goes away with weight loss. Some people with the condition inherit it.

Can you clean your neck with alcohol?

Wiping your neck with a rubbing alcohol-soaked cotton pad or ball can help you keep your shirts cleaner longer. Refreshing sponges. Soaking kitchen sponges in rubbing alcohol can help to disinfect them so they're ready for use.

How does dirt on skin look like?

The most prominent clinical presentation of TFFD is characterized by brown-gray, velvety, pigmented patches or plaques that resemble dirt. In children, it usually presents on the neck but can present on the face or trunk or unusual sites such as the scalp or pubic region.

How can I get rid of dark spots in 5 minutes?

5 Overnight Home Remedies To Remove Dark Spots
  1. Papaya. Papaya is a natural exfoliant which is used for anti-ageing and dry skin by removing the top layers of the skin cells and production of new ones. ...
  2. Turmeric. ...
  3. Aloe Vera Gel. ...
  4. Tomatoes. ...
  5. Almond Oil.

How do you get rid of a black neck overnight?

How to use: Take two tablespoons of besan (gram flour), half teaspoon lemon juice, a dash of turmeric, and some rose water (or milk). Mix all of them and form a medium consistency paste. Apply the mixture on your neck, leave it on for about fifteen minutes, and rinse with water. You can repeat this remedy twice a week.

How do you get rid of hyperpigmentation fast?

In this case, turning to dermatological procedures will work as the fastest way to get rid of hyperpigmentation. Chemical peels, laser therapy, microdermabrasion, or dermabrasion are all options that work similarly to rid skin of hyperpigmentation.

Why does my neck look dirty but not?

It's possible that you may have something called acanthosis nigricans. Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is when the skin on some parts of the body is darker and thicker than other skin. AN has nothing to do with being dirty, and won't go away with bathing or scrubbing.

Why is my neck turning black?

Dark lines on the skin on the back of the neck (acanthosis nigricans) may be a sign of diabetes or insulin resistance in the body. The skin on the neck can darken due to hormonal disorders, sun exposure, and drug-induced or other skin-related conditions.

What is dermatitis Neglecta?

Dermatitis neglecta is a condition that results from inadequate frictional cleansing leading to accumulation of corneocytes, sebum and sweat ultimately resulting in hyper-pigmented patch or verrucous plaque.

Why is the skin around my pubic area dark?

Dark skin on the inner thighs can be experienced by anyone, regardless of skin tone. It occurs when the skin on the inner thigh produces an abundance of melanin, a pigment that gives skin its color. This is called hyperpigmentation. The discoloration of dark inner thighs may even stretch into the bikini or groin area.

Why is my daughter neck black?

What is acanthosis nigricans (AN)? AN is a condition that causes dark, velvety patches to form on your child's skin. The patches form on your child's body folds and creases. The most common areas affected are the back of your child's neck, armpit, and groin.

Can black neck go away?

The discoloration can appear anywhere on the body, including the neck. The colors range from dark brown to blue-black. It typically will resolve once the drug causing it is stopped, however, the discoloration could also be long-term or even permanent.