What is meant by oxidizer?

Asked by: Mr. Wiley McKenzie MD
Score: 4.8/5 (13 votes)

: oxidizing agent especially : one used to support the combustion of a rocket propellant.

Which is an oxidant?

An oxidant is a reactant that oxidizes or removes electrons from other reactants during a redox reaction. An oxidant may also be called an oxidizer or oxidizing agent. When the oxidant includes oxygen, it may be called an oxygenation reagent or oxygen-atom transfer (OT) agent.

What does oxidizer mean in chemistry?

An oxidizing agent (also called an oxidizer or oxidant) is referred to as a chemical compound that readily transfers oxygen atoms or a substance that gains electrons in a redox chemical reaction.

Why is it called an oxidizer?

If one agent in the reaction releases oxygen or gains electrons or hydrogen, it is considered an oxidizer. The oxidizer is reduced as it takes on electrons. However, the reactant undergoes oxidation by letting its electrons be captured by the oxidizer. Oxygen is the eponymous example of an oxidizing agent.

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What's a good oxidizer?

Atoms, ions, and molecules that have an unusually large affinity for electrons tend to be good oxidizing agents. Elemental fluorine, for example, is the strongest common oxidizing agent. F2 is such a good oxidizing agent that metals, quartz, asbestos, and even water burst into flame in its presence.

What does an oxidizer do?

Oxidizers are solids, liquids, or gases that react readily with most organic material or reducing agents with no energy input. Oxidizers are a severe fire hazard. They are not necessarily combustible, but they can intensify combustion and increase the flammable range for chemicals so they ignite more readily.

How do you identify an oxidizer?

So to identify an oxidizing agent, simply look at the oxidation number of an atom before and after the reaction. If the oxidation number is greater in the product, then it lost electrons and the substance was oxidized. If the oxidation number is less, then it gained electrons and was reduced.

Is chlorine an oxidizer?

Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature. It is an extremely reactive element and a strong oxidising agent: among the elements, it has the highest electron affinity and the third-highest electronegativity on the Pauling scale, behind only oxygen and fluorine.

What is oxidant in simple words?

Oxidizers are substances that have the potential to lose electrons from another substance are considered oxidizing or oxidative and are called oxidizing agents. In other words, the oxidizing agent eliminates electrons from another material and is, thus, reduced.

Why is oxidant bad?

When produced in excess, free radicals and oxidants generate a phenomenon called oxidative stress, a deleterious process that can seriously alter the cell membranes and other structures such as proteins, lipids, lipoproteins, and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (5-10).

What is the strongest oxidant?

Fluorine, having the largest positive value of electrode potential, is the strongest oxidizing agent.

What is the most common oxidizer?

Common oxidizing agents are oxygen, hydrogen peroxide and the halogens. In one sense, an oxidizing agent is a chemical species that undergoes a chemical reaction in which it gains one or more electrons.

What is a Class 2 oxidizer?

Class 2 Oxidizers:

increase the burning rate of combustible materials moderately with which they come in contact. may cause spontaneous ignition when in contact with a combustible material.

Is peroxide an oxidizer?

Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidising agent, though the mechanism of action for the liquid is thought to differ from the gas form. Both appear to target lipids, nucleic acids and proteins although in different ways.

What is the most powerful reducing agent?

Due to the smallest standard reduction potential, lithium is the strongest reduction agent. It decreases another substance when something is oxidized, becoming a reduction agent. Lithium is, therefore, the most powerful reducing agent.

What's the difference between an oxidizer and a sanitizer?

There is a distinct difference between a sanitizer and an oxidizer. A sanitizer destroys disease causing germs; sanitizing water means the removal of bacteria from pool or spa water. An oxidizer, on the other hand, does not destroy bacteria and is not a sanitizer. ... Sanitizers kill germs.

What does fuel oxidizer do?

In chemical rockets, unburned fuel or oxidizer represents the loss of chemical potential energy, which reduces the specific energy. However, most rockets run fuel-rich mixtures, which result in lower theoretical exhaust velocities.

What does an oxidizer do in a pool?

Pool Oxidizer, Generically known as Potassium Monopersulfate, provides a non-chlorine method of oxidizing your pool water. A much safer and less messy way than using unstabilized chlorine. It is just as effective in burning off organic contaminants and converting combined chlorine into free chlorine.

Is salt an oxidizer?

In general, salts are water-soluble solids; most do not burn but they can be oxidizers and support combustion.

Which is the weakest oxidizing agent?

H2O2 H 2 O 2 is a weakest oxidising agent because it can act as a reducing agent also.

Which is the weakest reducing agent?

Lithium is the weakest reducing agent among alkali metals.