What is brachial plexus?

Asked by: Mr. Westley Turcotte
Score: 4.3/5 (6 votes)

The brachial plexus is a network of nerves in the shoulder that carries movement and sensory signals from the spinal cord to the arms and hands. Brachial plexus injuries typically stem from trauma to the neck, and can cause pain, weakness and numbness in the arm and hand.

What is brachial plexus in anatomy?

The brachial plexus is a network of nerve fibres that supplies the skin and musculature of the upper limb. It begins in the root of the neck, passes through the axilla, and runs through the entire upper extremity.

Is brachial plexus curable?

Mild brachial plexus injuries may heal without treatment. More severe injuries may require surgery to regain function of the arm or hand.

How long does it take to recover from brachial plexus injury?

Nerves grow back slowly. While you may be able to start passively moving your arm or hand again after a few weeks, it may take three to six months before you notice a flicker of active motion. Some nerves take years to heal.

20 related questions found

How do you sleep with a brachial plexus injury?

When sleeping on your side, place a pillow in front of you to support the whole arm, limit elbow flexion, and keep the wrist and fingers flat, in a neutral position. Consider sleeping on your back with your arms at your sides or on pillows to keep your elbows and wrists in an ideal position.

What doctor treats brachial plexus injury?

People with brachial plexus injuries usually see three surgeons during one office visit at Mayo Clinic. At Mayo Clinic, neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, hand and microvascular surgeons, physical rehabilitation experts, and other specialists collaborate as a team to evaluate and treat each patient.

How do you treat brachial plexus nerve pain?

Nonsurgical Treatment for Brachial Plexus Injuries
  1. Physical therapy to learn exercises that may help restore function in the arms and hands and improve range of motion and flexibility in stiff muscles and joints.
  2. Corticosteroid creams or injections to help manage pain during healing.

How do you fix brachial plexus pain?

Surgery to repair brachial plexus nerves should generally occur within six months after the injury. Surgeries that occur later than that have lower success rates.
...
Muscle transfer
  1. Neurolysis. This procedure consists of freeing up the nerve from scar tissue.
  2. Nerve graft. ...
  3. Nerve transfer. ...
  4. Muscle transfer.

How long does a brachial plexus MRI take?

The MRI may be anywhere from 85 – 120 minutes; your ultrasound should be 90 minutes or less.

Where does the brachial plexus originate?

The brachial plexus passes from the neck to the axilla and supplies the upper limb. It is formed from the ventral rami of the 5th to 8th cervical nerves and the ascending part of the ventral ramus of the 1st thoracic nerve. Branches from the 4th cervical and the 2nd thoracic ventral ramus may contribute.

What muscles does brachial plexus innervate?

Nerve fibers from the anterior division of the brachial plexus are contained in the musculocutaneous, median, and ulnar nerves. These nerves innervate the anterior muscles of the upper arm, forearm, and intrinsic muscles.

Where is brachial plexus pain?

Brachial plexus neuropathy (BPN) occurs when nerves in your upper shoulder area become damaged. This can cause severe pain in your shoulders or arms. BPN may also limit movement and cause decreased sensation in these areas.

Is brachial plexus injury permanent?

Brachial plexus injuries can cause permanent weakness or disability. Even if yours seems minor, you may need medical care.

Can you sue for brachial plexus injury?

A brachial plexus injury lawsuit is a legal means to sue and attempt to recover monetary damages from those responsible for your child's injury.

Why does brachial plexus palsy occur?

Brachial Plexus Palsy in Children

Brachial plexus palsies usually happen because of a stretch injury to your child's head, neck and shoulder. This can happen during birth, especially when the birth is difficult or complex. Sometimes a child's shoulder will get stuck against the mother's pelvis.

What does an MRI of the brachial plexus show?

MR images show diffuse thickening and enhancement of the proximal nerve roots secondary to an acute inflammatory demyelinating process of the brachial plexus or the cauda equina.

How do I relieve the pressure in my brachial plexus?

Rest your forearm on a table and keep your elbow flexed to 900 and tucked into your side. Using your other hand to help, turn your hand palm up as far as it can go. Using your other hand to help, turn your hand palm down as far as you can. Do not allow your elbow to move while you are stretching.

How can I strengthen my shoulder nerves?

This exercise is a gentle way to loosen tension in your neck and shoulders.
  1. Lower your chin toward your chest. You'll feel a stretch along the back of your neck.
  2. Gently tilt your head to the left to stretch your right shoulder.
  3. Hold this position for up to 1 minute.
  4. Repeat on the opposite side.
  5. Do each side 3–5 times.

What does brachial neuritis feel like?

Symptoms of brachial neuritis include: Severe pain in the upper arm or shoulder. Pain usually affecting just one side of the body. After a few hours or days, the pain transitions to weakness, limpness, or paralysis in the muscles of the affected arm or shoulder.

How do you calm down neuropathy?

The following suggestions can help you manage peripheral neuropathy:
  1. Take care of your feet, especially if you have diabetes. ...
  2. Quit smoking. ...
  3. Eat healthy meals. ...
  4. Massage. ...
  5. Avoid prolonged pressure. ...
  6. Set priorities. ...
  7. Acceptance & Acknowledgement. ...
  8. Find the positive aspects of the disorder.

What are the symptoms of nerve damage in the shoulder?

feel numbness or tingling in the shoulder region. have weakness in the shoulders. have problems with normal physical activities, such as lifting your arms above your head. have difficulty lifting objects.

What promotes nerve healing?

Typically, damaged nerve fibres of the central nervous system (CNS) in the brain, the optic nerve and spinal cord don't have the ability to regenerate.

How much does brachial plexus surgery cost?

Among the 189 patients undergoing surgery for BPI, median payments were $38,816 (interquartile range [IQR]: $18,209 to $72,411).

How long is brachial plexus surgery?

Surgery for a brachial plexus injury can range from 3 to 12 hours, depending on the complexity of the case. Patients can expect to restrict their activities for at least four weeks following surgery; therapy for the upper extremity may be necessary for several months while nerves and muscles recover.