In mediaeval india why was mansabdari system introduced?

Asked by: Aniya Weimann
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The correct answer is Facilitating recruitment to the army. The Mansabdari system was introduced by Akbar for military administration and for the territorial command to sustain the parts of the army. ... The Mughal officers whether Hindus or Muslims were given territorial commands in return for the military service.

When was Mansabdari system introduced?

Mansabdari was a unique system formally introduced by mughal emperor Akbar in 1571AD. The word Mansab is of Arabic origin meaning rank or position.

Who introduced Mansabdari system in India?

(which means a role) In the mansabdari system founded by Akbar, the mansabdars were military commanders, high civil and military officers, and provincial governors.

Who introduced the Mansabdari system in medieval period?

Notes: Mansabdari system was introduced in 1595–96.It was a combined status showing a noble's civil and military capacity. The Mansabdari System was introduced by Mughal emperor Akbar as new administrative machinery and revenue system.

30 related questions found

Who were Mansabdars and Jagirdars?

The Mansabdars were paid according to their ranks. They were paid a good amount of money. Those Mansabdars, who were paid in cash, were called Naqdi. Those Mansabdars who were paid through land (Jagirs) were called Jagirdars.

Who were the Mansabdars How were they paid?

The mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called jagirs. Most of the mansabdars did not actually reside in or administer their Jagirs. They only had rights to the revenue of their assignments which was collected from them by their servants.

What was Mansabdari system Class 7?

Complete answer: Mansabdari was a system of ranking the government officials which determined their civil and military duties, along with their remunerations. Under this system, nobles were granted the rights to hold a jagir, or revenue assignment (not land itself), for services rendered by them.

What were Zat and Sawar?

'zat' indicate the number of the troops which a mansabdar was expected to maintain, while sawar indicate the actual number of horses under the command of a mansabdar. ... The Mansabdars were allowed to recruit their own troops from their races.

Who were mansabdars What were their responsibilities Class 7?

The mansabdars were assigned to military responsibilities. For this they maintained a specified number of sowar or cavalrymen. The mansabdar brought his cavalrymen for review, got them registered, their horses branded and then received money to pay them as salary.

Who killed Behram Khan?

While traveling through Gujarat he was assassinated on 31 January 1561 at Sahastralinga Tank, a religious site near Anhilwad Patan, by a group of Afghans led by Mubarak Khan Lohani, whose father had been killed while fighting with the Mughals at the Battle of Machhiwara in 1555.

What was the greatest merit of the Mansabdari system?

Merits of Mansabdari System: (i) Good on revolts : The mansabdar used to contact the emperor before disbursing the salaries to the soldiers every month. It was not certain that he might rebel like the jagirdars. (ii) Qualification as basis of ranks : The emperor used to give mansabs on the basis of qualifications.

What was karkhana?

Karkhana a manufacturing centre under state supervision during the Sultanate and Mughal periods and now a common term for a place of manufacture or assembling. ... Many of the war captives, who were turned slaves, were distributed among these karkhanas to be trained in manufacturing, arts and crafts.

What was the relationship between Mansabdars and Jagirdars?

Hint: The Mansabdari system was a new administrative and revenue system that was introduced by emperor Akbar. They were the pillars of the Mughal system. The responsibility of the maintenance of the financial system in the area was given to the jagirdars.

What was Jagirdari crisis?

This economic situation known as the 'jagirdari crisis' of the 18th century- has been defined by Satish chandra in the following words, 'the available social surplus was insufficient to defray the cost of administration, pay for Wars of one type or another and to give the ruling classes a standard of living in keeping ...

Who was benefited in the Mansabdari system?

Mansabdari system was an important feature of the Mughal administration under the reign of Akbar. It was introduced to bring efficiency in administration politically and economically. It was to reduce despotism in monarchy. The Mughals benefitted from the system as it helped in running administration smoothly.

What was the difference between the ZAT and Sawar ranks of Mansabdars?

Zat – This indicated the Rank in the administration as well as the salary of the Mansabdar. Sawar – This represented the Cavalry Rank. It denotes the number of horses and cavalrymen maintained by Sawar.

What is Zat and Sawar rank in Mansabdari system Class 12?

Zat means personal and it fixed the personal status of a person. Sawar rank indicated the number of cavalrymen of a person who was required to maintain. Every sawar had to maintain at least two horses. All appointments, promotions and dismissals were directly made by the emperor.

Who were Jagirdars Class 7?

The Jagirdar was a feudal class who collected taxes as a form of revenue. After the death of the Jagirdar, the land was seized by the Mughals. The Mughal officers who received land grants (jaigir) were known as jagirdars. There sole duty was that of revenue collection.

What is the difference between Mansabdars and Muqtis?

Very Short Answer Questions

Answer: Mansabdars did not actually reside in or administer their jagirs. They served in some other part of the country. Whereas muqtis used to reside in their iqtas. The term 'muqti' was used during the Sultanate period, while the term 'jagir' was used during the Mughal period.

What role did Mansabdars and Jagirdars play?

The emperor can raise the rank of the Mansabdar by increasing the number allotted to a Mansabdar. ... Further, those Mansabdars, who were paid in cash, were called Naqdi and those paid through Jagirs were called Jagirdars. No mansabdar could hold on to the said Jagir for a long term and they were liable for transfer.

Who were enrolled as mansabdars What were their responsibilities?

The mansabdars were nobles, high civil or military officials, provincial governors or military commanders who had the right to hold jagir, or revenue assignment for services rendered by then. This system was also used as a grading system by the mughal to fix ranks, salary and military responsibilities.

What is difference between Zamindar and jagirdar?

Jagirdars were holders of land assignments in lieu of judicial and police duties, whereas Zamindars were holders of revenue rights without obligation to perform any duty other than revenue collection.

What was the karkhana short answer?

Karkhana is a Hindustani language word that means factory. These karkhanas were small manufacturing units for various arts and crafts as well as for the emperor's household and military needs.

Who made karkhana for painting?

Akbar was very fond of painting and during his reign painting was organised as an imperial establishment of Karkhana (Tasvir Khana).