Are you born with birthmarks?Asked by: Ettie Zemlak
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Are birthmarks genetic? Some birthmarks are hereditary and run in families but most aren't. Very occasionally, some are caused by gene mutations. For example, some babies born with port-wine stains have a rare condition called Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome.View full answer
Keeping this in consideration, Are you born with birthmarks or do they develop?
Birthmarks appear when a baby is born or soon after birth. They are called birthmarks because they appear at or close to birth. If you see a mark on your skin that wasn't there before, it's most likely a mole and not a birthmark.
Also to know, What causes a birthmark to form?. Vascular birthmarks happen when blood vessels don't form correctly. Either there are too many of them or they're wider than usual. Pigmented birthmarks are caused by an overgrowth of the cells that create pigment (color) in skin.
Keeping this in mind, Is everyone born with a birthmark?
While birthmarks are common, not everyone has one. There's no way to predict if a child will have a birthmark or not. Not having a birthmark isn't a sign of a particular health condition or a cause for concern. Also, remember that many types of birthmarks fade as children get older.
Is it rare to have a birthmark?
Birthmarks appear in a variety of shapes, sizes, colors, and textures on or under the skin. They may be present at birth or appear during the first year or two of life. Birthmarks are common: More than 10 percent of babies have a birthmark of some type.
You might notice reddish or pink patches at the back of your newborn's neck, on the eyelids, forehead or between your newborn's eyes. These marks — sometimes nicknamed stork bites or angel kisses — tend to get brighter during crying. Some marks disappear in a few months, while others fade over a few years or persist.
They don't fade over time and may become darker if left untreated. The skin may also become very dry, thick, or pebbled in texture. Port-wine stains that occur on eyelids may require medical treatment or monitoring. Rarely, these types of birthmarks may be associated with genetic conditions.
They are red, raised and lumpy areas. They usually appear at around one to four weeks of age, then get bigger – sometimes quite quickly – for a few months. They stop growing between six and 12 months of age, then gradually disappear over the next few years. The skin of the birthmark is as strong as any other skin.
Most birthmarks are harmless and many fade completely over time. Some, such as port-wine stains, are permanent and may even occur on the face. These can be removed using treatment such as laser therapy. Treatments to remove birthmarks are often most effective when started during infancy.
Port wine stain birthmarks are the rarest (less than 1 percent of people are born with them) and occur because the capillaries in the skin are wider than they should be. Dr. Kos says these birthmarks do not go away, and in fact, gradually, over the years, they usually darken and thicken.
“Hemangiomas around the mouth, neck and chin should be looked at by a specialist,” says Sidbury, “because the birthmark could be growing in and around the vocal cords inside the body.” “If a child's birthmark begins to bleed or ulcerate, it's important for parents to seek medical attention,” Nohle says.
Birthmark removal treatment
Birthmarks can be safely and effectively removed using a special type of laser. The treatment works by targeting the abnormal blood vessels or areas of pigmentation, breaking them up into tiny fragments so they can be disposed of naturally through the body's immune system.
During the laser therapy appointment, your child may experience slight pain, similar to small flicks to the skin. Your doctor may prescribe mild sedation or an anesthetic cream to minimize discomfort. Most laser treatment sessions last between 15 minutes and an hour, depending on the severity and number of birthmarks.
"Most treatments, with the exception of surgery, can only reduce the appearance of birthmarks. Even with surgery, a relapse can occur after removal," said Dr Chua.
Birthmarks can grow quickly, stay the same size, shrink, or disappear over time. Doctors don't know why some children are born with birthmarks. Birthmarks can be caused by extra pigment in the skin or by blood vessels that group together.
Mongolian birthmarks or Mongolian spots resemble bruises. 10. A great majority of birthmarks are harmless, but a newborn's birthmarks should still be analyzed by a medical professional. In rare cases, birthmarks can be signs of skin diseases that exist or will develop.
It may be skin colored or have a bluish-purple color as shown here. You may see thin red lines, which are visible blood vessels. When you touch this birthmark, it often feels warm and firm.
Treatment for brown birthmarks depends on the size and type of the birthmark and the area of the body that is affected. Some birthmarks are suitable for surgical excision, which will completely remove the birthmark but will leave a scar.
Pigmented birthmarks are caused by an overgrowth of the cells that produce color in our skin. There are three types of pigmented birthmarks: café-au-lait spots, moles and Mongolian spots. Pigmented birthmarks can be flat or raised with regular or irregular borders and color that ranges from brown to black to blue.
Angel's kisses. Marks located on the forehead, nose, upper lip, and eyelids that usually disappear with age.
While hemangiomas can vary a lot in size, appearance, and placement, they are universally benign (non-cancerous). Most will go away on their own without causing any problems.
Most do not need treatment and go away on their own by the toddler years. Talk with your pediatrician if the birthmark is large or in an unusual area.
They are usually present at birth or appear within the first weeks of life. They typically disappears spontaneously within 4 years but can persist for life.
Lasers can be used to safely remove or reduce spots, marks and lesions (areas of abnormal tissue). The laser treats the lesions by targeting blood vessels or pigment (colour). The laser does not cause permanent damage to the surrounding normal tissue.
Birthmarks are highly treatable with laser/light therapy. Lightening of 70 to 90 percent is a realistic goal. Treatments can be repeated every one to three months, depending on birthmark type, until the patient's goal is achieved.